Category: Drug Dictionary Series

Drug Dictionary Series: Dexedrine

Dexedrine [dɛkstroʊæmˈfɛtəmiːn] What is it? Dexedrine is a brand name for Dextroamphetamine (D-AMP) which is a central nervous system stimulant and amphetamine enantiomer that is prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy. It is also used as an athletic performance and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant, and like other amphetamines is used as a club drug for its energetic and euphoric high. What does it look like? Dexedrine comes in an white tablets, orange three-sided tablets or brown/beige capsules What are some other names for Dextroamphetamine? Dexedrine, DextroStat, Metamina, Attentin, Zenzedi, ProCentra, Amfexa, Vyvanse How ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Khat

Khat [qat] What is it? Khat is a psychoactive stimulant that comes from the Catha edulis plant found in Eastern Africa and Southern Arabia. Since the 1300s, khat has been chewed regularly as a communal act of the indigenous people groups of the area. Traditionally, the plant has been used to elevate mood and combat fatigue as a social tonic or tea similar to coffee or alcohol. However, the plant has a potency more related to cocaine and other amphetamines. Still today, many chew khat for its euphoric effects and cultural symbolism. What does it look like? Khat leaves are ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Kratom

Kratom [Kray tom] What is it? Kratom is a psychoactive substance that mimics opioid use. Kratom comes from the Mitragyna speciosa plant found in Southeast Asia. Traditionally, the leaves would be chewed or added to teas by Thai or Malaysian natives to increase energy, stamina, and limit their fatigue. Currently, kratom is ground to a fine green powder or the leaves are chewed or added to teas as an herbal supplement to treat addiction, anxiety, or other health issues. Kratom is not an illegal substance but in the United States is under FDA warning due to the illegally marketed herbal ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Oxycodone

Oxycodone [ox i KOE done] What is it? Oxycodone is a powerfully addictive narcotic. Oxycodone originates from opium, a highly addictive drug derived from the sap of the poppy plant. It was first discovered in 1916 by Martin Freud and Edmund Speyer in Frankfurt, Germany. The drug was introduced to the US market in May of 1939 after becoming known as the “miracle drug” of Europe. Oxycodone is an opioid that triggers rushes of dopamine to create an intense high. Today, oxycodone is available in the United States as a legal prescription painkiller. It is more commonly known as OxyContin® ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Cocaine

Cocaine [kəʊˈkeɪn] What is it? Cocaine is a powerfully addictive psychoactive, stimulant drug. Cocaine originates from coca leaves, and has been used for centuries in a variety of cultural applications. The pure drug is extracted from the erythroxylon coca bush, primarily found in South America. The purified chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, was isolated from the bush more than 100 years ago. In the 1900’s, cocaine was an active ingredient in many elixirs, tonics, and Coca-Cola products. Today, cocaine is available in the United States as a legal prescription for local anesthesia. It is more commonly known as Goprelto or Numbrino. What ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Amphetamine

Amphetamine [æmˈfɛtəmiːn] What is it? Amphetamine is a stimulant that affects the central nervous system related to hyperactivity and impulse control. Amphetamines were originally synthesized in the late 1800s with their stimulant properties being discovered in the 1930s when it was used to treat nasal congestion. Today, some amphetamines are legally prescribed by doctors to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or narcolepsy. Occasionally they are also prescribed to treat depression. What does it look like? The look of amphetamines can vary. They can be found in power, tablet, or capsule form. They can also range in color from white ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Phencyclidine (PCP)

Phencyclidine [fenˈsīkliˌdēn,-ˈsik] What is it? Phencyclidine (PCP) is a mind-altering drug that may lead to violent hallucinations. It is considered a dissociative drug, leading to a distortion of sights, colors, sounds, self, and one’s environment. PCP was developed in the 1950s as an intravenous anesthetic, but due to the serious neurotoxic side effects, its development for human medical use was discontinued. Ketamine, an anesthetic used for surgery and painful procedures was developed instead and is structurally similar to PCP. PCP is highly addictive and its use often leads to psychological dependence, cravings, and compulsive PCP-seeking behaviors. This means users are ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Flakka

Flakka [fla-kuh] What is it? Flakka is a synthetic stimulant of the cathinone class that was developed in the 1960s. The drug is technically called alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone (alpha-PVP) but more commonly known as “flakka.” Flakka gets its name from Spanish slang for a beautiful woman (“la flaca”) and first became popular in Florida before surging across the country. The origin of the drug is primarily China. It comes to the US through online sales, gas stations, and other dealers. A dose sells for about $5 or less, which makes it an attractive alternative to cocaine. Dealers often target young people and ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Synthetic Cannabinoids

Synthetic Cannabinoids (K2/Spice) [Sin-th-eh-dik Can-uh-bin-oidz] What is it? Synthetic cannabinoids, also known as K2 or “Spice,” are a mixture of herbs and spices that are typically sprayed with synthetic compounds chemically similar to THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. The chemical compounds typically include HU-210, HU-211, JWH-018, and JWH-073. K2 is commonly purchased in head shops, tobacco shops, various retail outlets, and over the Internet. It is often marketed as incense or “fake weed.” Purchasing over the Internet can be dangerous, because it is not usually known where the product comes from or what amount of chemical is on the ... Read more

Drug Dictionary Series: Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine [meth-am-fet-uh-meen] What is it? Methamphetamine, commonly shortened to meth, is a synthetic stimulant. It is chemically similar to amphetamine, a drug used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. Meth is commonly manufactured in illegal and hidden laboratories. Many mix various forms of the stimulant amphetamine or other derivatives to boost its potency. Pseudoephedrine, a common ingredient found in cold and allergy medicines, is used as the basis for the production of the drug. Meth cooks combine pseudoephedrine with other chemicals, such as battery acid, drain cleaner, lantern fuel, and antifreeze. These chemicals are potentially explosive and because the meth cooks ... Read more