Why test teenagers?
Adolescents’ brains are still developing therefore especially vulnerable to the detrimental effects of drug use. There are short term consequences that could affect the student’s judgment and decision making process (causing accidents, poor performance in school or sports, increased risky behavior, etc). Long term consequences can cause much more serious issues such as poor academic outcomes, family problems, mood changes, and addiction.
The earlier a teen begins using drugs, the more likely he or she will develop an addiction.
How many students use drugs?
The National Center on Addiction and Substance abuse reports that around 17% of American high school students are drinking, smoking or using drugs during the school day. About 50% of 12th graders say they’ve used an illicit drug at least once in their lifetime and over 35% report using marijuana in the last year. Abuse and misuse of prescription drugs are also high. In 2013, 7.4% of high school seniors reported non-medical use of the prescription stimulant Adderall in the past year.
What benefits does random drug testing have for schools?
- To act as a deterrent for using drugs and give students a reason to say no to drugs.
- To intervene with students who have started to use or abuse drugs and refer to treatment.
Is drug testing in schools effective?
Drug testing should never be a stand alone solution to a drug problem. Drug testing should be a part of a large comprehensive drug-free school policy.
Can students “cheat” on drug tests?
Although many magazines, internet articles and online videos give advice on how to dilute urine samples, many ideas and products do not work and can be detected in the test.
Is drug testing of students legal?
In a 2002 Supreme Court case, the court voted 5-4 to allow for random drug tests for all middle and high school students participating in competitive extracurricular activities (this greatly expanded from only being able to test student athletes).
How many schools does ESS test?
ESS serves over 250 middle and high schools in 200 districts