The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
The Federal Railroad Administration holds locomotive engineers, trainmen, conductors, switchmen, locomotive hostlers/helpers, utility employees, signalmen, operators, and train dispatchers responsible for meeting safety standards and regulations. FRA has their own safety compliance and enforcement program called under the Office of Railroad Safety.
The FRA required drug and alcohol testing programs fall under Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations 49 CFR Part 40. Testing is required by the Omnibus Transportation Employees Testing Act of 1991 and by DOT and FRA regulations CFR Part 219.
FRA Drug and Alcohol Testing Requirements
- Pre-employment testing
- Reasonable suspicion testing
- Random selection
- Follow-up testing
- Post-accident testing
FRA Safety-Sensitive Positions
- Locomotive hostlers/helpers
- Train dispatchers or control operators
- Signal employees who inspect, repair, or maintain signal systems
FRA Maintenance-of-Way Employees
The FRA already applied to the above listed safety-sensitive, but they recently expanded CFR Part 219 to cover maintenance-of-way (MOW) positions. A MOW employee includes contractors whose duties involve:
- Maintenance/Repairs of tracks, bridges, roadways, signal and communications systems, electronic traction systems, roadway facilities or maintenance machinery
- Flagmen and watchmen
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