The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration holds pipeline or liquefied natural gas facility operators, maintenance or emergency-response functioning staff responsible for meeting safety standards and regulations regulated by 49 CFR Parts 192, 193, or 195. PHMSA has their own safety compliance enforcement program to ensure that operators are maintaining regulations and creating a safe and reliable working environment.
The PHMSA required drug and alcohol testing programs fall under Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations 49 CFR Part 40. Testing is required by the Omnibus Transportation Employees Testing Act of 1991 and by DOT and PHMSA regulations 49 CFR Part 199.
Inspections of facilities are common by the PHMSA as a way to help enforce the compliance regulations and standards. Operators are expected to thoroughly understand and manage risks associated with their facilities.
These inspections include:
- Construction of pipeline facilities
- Pipeline system failures
- Compliance with emergency response safety regulations, maintenance, integrity, and general operations
- Communications regarding damage prevention and land use planning
- Communications with internal staff to improve business practices
PHMSA Drug and Alcohol Testing Requirements
- Pre-employment testing
- Reasonable suspicion testing
- Random selection
- Follow-up testing
- Post-accident testing
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