The United States Coast Guard (USCG)
The United States Coast Guard holds any person who is on board a vessel acting under the authority of a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner’s document responsible for meeting safety standards and regulations. Also, a person engaged or employed on board a U.S. owned vessel and such vessel is required to engage, employ or be operated by a person holding a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner’s document.
The FAA required drug and alcohol testing programs fall under Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations 49 CFR Part 40. Testing is required by the Omnibus Transportation Employees Testing Act of 1991 and by DOT and USCG regulations 46 CFR Parts 4 and 16.
USCG Drug and Alcohol Testing Requirements
- Pre-employment testing
- Reasonable suspicion testing
- Random selection
- Follow-up testing
- Post-accident testing
USGC Applies to
- Recreational boating
- Foreign and domestic commercial vessels
- Ports and facilities
- Vessel documentation
- Marine Casualty Investigation
USGC Safety-Sensitive Positions
- Any person directing and mustering passengers in emergencies
- Any person passing out life jackets
- Any person controlling and operating lifesaving equipment
- Any person controlling and operating firefighting equipment
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